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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a problem with behaviour which causes a rage of symptoms including inattentiveness (problems with concentrating), hyperactivity (being too active) and impulsiveness (difficulty staying focused).

ADHD is estimated to affect 5% of individuals worldwide. It is often diagnosed in childhood, but in some cases is not recognised until adulthood.

There are three recognised subtypes of ADHD:

  • Hyperactive-impulsive subtype
  • Inattention subtype
  • Combined subtype

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Treatment

A large proportion of treatment involves discussions with trained practitioners to learn skills to better manage problem behaviours. In addition, psychological treatment such as cognitive behavioural therapy or social skills training is recommended for older children or adults.

In addition, medication is often used to good effect. In the UK, methylphenidate or atomoxetine are usually the first line medications trialed by patients.

Medicinal cannabis can be considered when first line therapies have not achieved adequate symptom control.