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Tourette’s Syndrome

Tourette’s syndrome is a condition that is characterised by repetitive involuntary movements and/or sounds called tics.

These tics serve no purpose and are typically difficult to suppress. Tics can be common during childhood, but people with Tourette’s syndrome have multiple tics that persist for more than one year.

Up to 1% of individuals may experience Tourette’s syndrome in their lifetime. It is more common in males and symptoms typically start around 6 years old.

Tourette’s Syndrome Treatment

A large proportion of treatment involves discussions with trained practitioners who can provide education and support to people with Tourette’s syndrome and their families.

Various psychological treatments can also improve symptoms for patients with Tourette’s including cognitive behavioural therapy, habit reversal training and exposure with response prevention therapy.

In addition, medication can sometimes help to reduce the frequency of tics. The most commonly prescribed medications are antipsychotics, such as haloperidol, risperidone and aripiprazole. Some patients with severe debilitating symptoms may benefit from specialist brain surgery.

Medicinal cannabis may also be considered when first line therapies have not achieved adequate symptom control.